Cancer Risk Reduction
Cancer risk reduction focuses on behavioral factors that contribute to cancer risk reduction, particularly on the behavior with the single greatest impact on cancer burden, tobacco use, and the biobehavioral mechanisms underlying the initiation, maintenance and cessation of tobacco use. Research in this area also focuses on other increasingly recognized cancer risk and prevention behaviors (e.g., physical activity, diet) and biobehavioral interventions. A better understanding of biobehavioral factors in cancer risk reduction contributes to more effective interventions to reduce negative health behaviors (e.g., tobacco use) and increase positive health behaviors (e.g., physical activity) and thus reduce the burden of cancer attributable to modifiable behaviors, which is estimated to include up to half of all diagnoses.
Cancer survivorship focuses on characterization of disease and treatment-related symptoms in cancer survivors and the biobehavioral mechanisms underlying those symptoms. Research in this area also focuses on developing and testing personalized interventions to prevent or reduce symptoms and to improve outcomes in cancer survivors including quality of life, functional ability, and adherence to cancer therapy. Better characterization of disease and treatment-related symptoms and identification of effective interventions to manage those symptoms will lead to a reduction of the burden of cancer in cancer survivors.